Experience in the United States
has traditionally been a country of destination for immigrants.
Therefore, emigration from Brazil is a recent phenomenon
and official statistics on Brazilians leaving the country
are scarce. Some estimates indicate that since 1995, the
emigration has increased to a rate of 20% per year. Indeed,
Brazilian government figures show that about 1,500,000 Brazilians,
or one percent of the country’s population, are now living
abroad, half of them in the United States. Other destinations
are Paraguay, Japan, and Europe, (Souza, 2000).
Some 1996 estimates
(Gallant, n.d.) show that 610,130 Brazilians left Brazil for
the United States, and that 230,000 were living in New York,
150,000 in Boston, and 130,000 in Miami with the remaining
dispersed in additional communities in Washington, Houston,
San Francisco, Los Angeles, and Chicago (DeBiaggi, 2002) .
American anthropologist, Maxine Margolis, indicates that,
in 1990, there were 80,000 to 150,000 Brazilians living in
the New York metropolitan area, the majority (70%) of whom
are undocumented (Margolis, 1994) . According to her findings,
some Brazilians migrate temporarily for economic reasons.
Many professionals are unable to find jobs commensurate with
their training and education, and they end up in low-paying
Here are some examples of prominent Brazilian people:
Amado, writer (Fundação Casa de Jorge Amado, 2002).
Ambrósio, supermodel (Alessandra-ambrosio.net, 2004).
Djalma de Andrade (commonly known as Bola
Sete), guitarist (MP-3.com, 2005).
Braga, actress (Maltin, L, 1994).
supermodel (Abstract.net, 2005).
Drumond D’Andrade, writer
Di Cavalcanti, painter
writer (Martín, 2002).
car-racer (Grand Prix History, n.d.a).
Freire, pedagoge (Provenzo, n.d.).
Isabeli Fontana, supermodel
Freyre, writer (Bookrags, n.d.).
de Jesus, writer (Wolfe, 1996).
Ademir Martins, painter
Cecilia Meirelles, writer
Meirelles, film director (Tribute, n.d.)
Sérgio Vieira de
Mello, diplomat and human rights activist (Office of the
United Nations…, n.d.)
Mendes, environmental activist (Trussell, 2004).
Niemeyer, architect (Arcspace.com, 2003).
Pacheco, sculpter (Ana Maria Pacheco, 2004).
Pelé, Soccer champion
car racer (Grand Prix History, n.d.b.).
Photographer (Terra, 2002)
Alberto Santos-Drumont, inventor and pioneer
aviator union leader
Bichu Sayão, opera singer
Senna, car racer (International Motorsports…, 2004).
Brazilian Writers: Orígenes Lessa, Adonias Filho, ÉricoVeríssimo,
Dinah Silveira de Queiroz, Lygia Fagundes Telles, Herberto
Sales, Rubem Fonseca, Clarice Lispector, Dalton Trevisan,Nélida
Piñon, Osman Lins, Edgard Telles Ribeiro, and Moacir Scliar;
and among the poets: Raul Bopp, Murilo Mendes, Augusto Frederico
Schmidt,Mário Quintana, Cassiano Ricardo, Jorge de Lima, Ferreira
Gullar, Cecília Meireles, Augusto de Campos, and Haroldo de
Campos. (Permanent Missions to the United Nations,
Villa-Lobos, Composer (Frey, 1998).
Xuxa, Popular entertainer
Brazil 66, musicians
(A&M Corner, 2002)
musician (Space age pop musicmaker, n.d.)
Miranda, Hollywood legend (Maria-Brazil, 2004)